Golden Temple

Nature At Its Best

Golden Temple or Gurudwara in Amritsar, India is considered as one of the most important pilgrimages in the Sikhism and hold a high importance to the sikh people. The temple is built around a man-made pool that was completed by Guru Ram Das in 1577. Guru Arjan who was the fifth Guru of Sikhism, requested Sai Mian Mir – a Muslim Pir of Lahore to lay its foundation stone in 1589. In 1604, Guru Arjan placed a copy of the Adi Granth in Harmandir Sahib, calling the site Ath Sath Tirath which means shrine of 68 pilgrimages. The temple was repeatedly rebuilt by the Sikhs after it repeatedly became a target of persecution and was destroyed several times by the Muslim armies from Afghanistan and the Mughal Empire.

This temple is considered as the most important shrine spiritually to the Sikh who regard it with great value and honor. It became a center of the Singh Sabha Movement between 1883 and 1920s. The temple became a center of conflict between the Indian governments led by Indira Gandhi; in the early 1980s some Sikh groups and a militant movement led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale who were seeking to create a new nation named Khalistan. In 1984, Gandhi sent in the Indian Army as part of Operation Blue Star that led to deaths of over 1,000 militants, soldiers and civilians, as well as causing much damage to the temple and the destruction of Akal Takht. The temple complex was rebuilt again after the 1984 damage. The temple has unique Sikh construction and architecture.

The temple not only expects Sikh visitors but also other regardless of the cast creed and religion. Built at a level lower than the surrounding land level, The Gurudwara teaches the lesson of social equality and humility. The four entrances of this holy shrine from all four directions are believed to signify that people belonging to every walk of life are equally welcome.

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